Warts are hypertrophied areas of the epithelium, usually resulting from infection with papillomavirus. Are benign lesions on the skin or mucous membrane. They appear more often in children and adolescents with a fragile immune system.
Warts can be single or multiple, oval or round, lighter or darker than the surrounding tissue. If untreated, they can grow in size and cause discomfort.
Causes of warts
The main cause of warts in children is the papilloma virus. Babies and adolescents are infected with this pathogen by contact through household items, personal hygiene, clothing and underwear. Infection occurs in public places, in transport, on playgrounds. The transmission of microorganisms from mother to child during pregnancy is possible.
Getting on the skin, the virus enters the body through microcracks and wounds. For a long time, the disease may not manifest itself in any way.
Diagnosis of warts
Before treating warts in a child, you need to confirm the diagnosis. The dermatologist examines the child, determines the type of neoplasm with the help of a dermatoscope (magnifying device). This procedure is completely painless.
With multiple formations on the skin, you will need to donate blood to determine the strain of the papillomavirus and its activity. Based on the data obtained, a dermatologist or therapist chooses a method for treating warts in children.
The decision on how to get rid of a wart in a child should be made by a doctor. Self-removal of pathologically overgrown areas is dangerous by spreading the infection to uninfected skin areas.
Currently, the removal of warts is possible in various ways:
Before removing a wart from a child, the doctor prescribes drugs to strengthen the immune system and reduce viral activity. It is impossible to completely destroy the virus: it remains in the body for life.