Dermatology is a branch of medicine that studies the structure, physiological functions, diseases of the skin and hair, nails, sweat and sebaceous glands), methods of diagnosis and treatment. Diseases in this area are the responsibility of a dermatologist. In addition, the specialties of dermatovenerologist, dermatologist-cosmetologist, trichologist (treatment of hair and scalp) are in demand in this area.
Dermatology is closely related to such branches of medicine as venereology, endocrinology, Oncology, Allergology, and other disciplines.
Symptomatology. Itching, rash, redness, peeling, pigmentation, the appearance of neoplasms, etc.may indicate skin diseases. If the first signs of malaise appear, consult a dermatologist.
The main diseases in dermatology. There is a distinction between private and General dermatology. Diseases of the private group: various dermatoses (including occupational and hereditary), mycoses (fungal skin diseases), dermatitis (acute allergic inflammation), hypertrichosis (excessive hairiness, more common in women), ichthyosis (hereditary dermatosis, manifested by peeling and the formation of scales on the skin similar to fish), eczema, psoriasis, lichen, warts, scabies and other skin lesions and its appendages.
Treatment and prevention. General dermatology studies the structure, physiology, biochemistry of healthy and diseased skin, the causes and mechanism of development of skin diseases, as well as methods of their diagnosis, principles of therapy and prevention. Treatment of skin diseases is aimed at identifying the causes, eliminating symptoms and restoring normal functioning of the affected areas.
Extensive opportunities of dermatology in Uzbekistan allow doctors to successfully cope with such difficult-to-treat diseases as psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, eczema, as well as infectious processes of various nature (bacterial, fungal). Treatment methods combine medication therapy, the use of therapeutic creams and ointments, and balneotherapy.