Salon chemical peeling is an effective way to reduce wrinkles, reduce the oiliness of the skin, even out the color, as well as for a rejuvenating effect. Often, customers are offered acid peeling, as a universal tool that solves up to five problems at the same time. But in order for the result to meet expectations, you need to choose the right active substance, study the indications and contraindications to it.
Lactic acid is used. Soft, easy to carry, refers to surface peels. Effective prevention of aging. Helps to refresh the complexion, remove small inflammations and pimples. Moisturizes, makes the skin elastic, evens out the color. Shown from the age of 18.
It is carried out with the use of almond acid, also refers to the surface. After the procedure, the skin is moisturized, its tone increases, and traces of acne are smoothed out. Like milk, almond peeling is indicated from the age of 18 – for deep cleansing and prevention of aging.
Glycolic acid has the smallest molecule, so it penetrates deeper than the others. It is used for both surface and middle peeling, the effect depends on the concentration and holding time of the composition. It fights well with acne and scars, hyperpigmentation, small wrinkles. Increases skin turgor, moisturizes and rejuvenates. Professional peeling, easy to carry, has a short rehabilitation period.
It can be superficial and median. Salicylic acid has anti-inflammatory properties, so a professional chemical peeling with its use is an excellent solution for acne. Salicylic acid helps with oily skin, enlarged pores, hyperkeratosis, hyperpigmentation and seborrhea. It also evens out the skin's relief, smoothes wrinkles.
It is carried out with a mixture of salicylic and lactic acid, resorcinol. It can be superficial and median. The mixture has an anti-inflammatory, anti-aging effect. Median peels are effective for stretch marks, scars, and wrinkles. The composition can be used even on the eyelids, neck, and decollete area.
Retinoids (artificial analogues of vitamin A) are used for median peels, but do not have an exfoliating effect. Products with retinoids stimulate the maturation of basal cells, resulting in its renewal. The face after chemical peeling with retinol becomes fresher, wrinkles are noticeably reduced, skin color is leveled, age spots and scars disappear.
Features of acid peels
Chemical peeling for the face is based on exfoliating the upper layer of the epidermis and softening the cells of the epidermis, the effect depends on the duration and depth of exposure to substances. The following types are distinguished:
Surface peeling. They are carried out to refresh the complexion, moisturize and easily align its relief. Great for getting rid of comedones and blackheads, normalizing the sebaceous glands. Surface peels are universal, they are made at any age, and after 25 years, the procedures include basic facial care – to smooth out shallow wrinkles, improve skin color, and prevent aging. The procedures are easily transferred, but after them there is a slight redness and peeling, which quickly passes. The course can be conducted once a year.
Median peeling. The main indication is a decrease in elasticity and the appearance of wrinkles. The session is accompanied by a burning sensation, after 1-2 days there is redness, puffiness and peeling, which pass after 5-7 days. The result is a flattening of the relief, a slight lifting, reduction of wrinkles, alignment of the complexion. Outwardly, a person is younger by at least 5 years. Median chemical peeling with acids is recommended after 30 years, the break between courses is from 2 years.
Deep peeling. It is carried out only in a clinic, painful, with a long rehabilitation period and a high risk of infection, scarring. Therefore, it is not very popular – there are more gentle methods of rejuvenation.
How the procedure is performed
- Pre-peeling preparation for 2 weeks. Cosmetics with a small percentage of fruit acid are used.
- Cleaning of the treated area.
- Test application of the solution to determine the skin reaction.
- Applying the peeling solution in 1-3 layers (depends on the type of peeling and the desired result)
- Exposure of the composition
- Cleansing the face from the remnants of the product.
- Applying a moisturizing mask or cream.
Pros and cons of acid peels
Chemical peels have many advantages. This is a quick effect, the preservation of the result for a long time, the versatility of application, the ability to rejuvenate the face for 3-5 years without surgery or the use of expensive cosmetics.
The disadvantages of chemical peeling are unpleasant sensations during the procedure, redness, puffiness and peeling of the face. You will have to spend some time at home after the procedure, or you will have to explain to others what happened to you. The disadvantages include the mandatory use of sunscreens, special care, the need to complete a whole course to obtain a lasting effect.
There is also the possibility of undesirable effects – hyperpigmentation, skin infection, allergic reactions, scarring, exacerbation of skin diseases. But this is easily avoided by entrusting the procedure to professionals, strictly following all the recommendations of the cosmetologist.